**לפני מאה שנים ב-2012 איינשטיין לראשונה אימץ את הטנסור המטרי. באחד ממאמריו איינשטיין סיפר לקורא שלו:”הדרך שבה אני עצמי עברתי, הייתה עקיפה ופתלתלה למדי, כי אחרת אינני יכול לקוות שהוא יתעניין יותר מידי בתוצאה של סוף המסע”, תורת היחסות הכללית. למטה מובאת רשימה של ספרים ומאמרים שנכתבו על ידי חוקרים מהעולם על דרכו של איינשטיין לתורת היחסות הכללית והפילוסופיה של היחסות הכללית.**

**A hundred **years ago, in 1912, Einstein adopted the metric tensor. In one of his later papers Einstein told his reader about “the road that I have myself travelled, rather an indirect and bumpy road, because otherwise I cannot hope that he will take much interest in the result at the end of the journey”: the General theory of Relativity

**Relatively speaking**

**The following list of books and papers discussing Einstein’s Pathway to General Relativity and Philosophy of General Relativity covers the period 1912-1916, and beyond**

**Corry, Leo, Renn, Jürgen and John Stachel**, “Belated Decision in the Hilbert-Einstein Priority Dispute”, 1997, in Stachel 2002, pp. 339-346

**Corry, Leo, Renn, Jürgen and John Stachel**, “Response to F. Winterberg ‘On Belated Decision in the Hilbert-Einstein Priority Dispute'”, 2004, *Z. Naturforsen* 59a, pp. 715-719

**Earman, John, Janis, Allen, I., Massey, Gerald. I., and Rescher, Nicholas**, *Philosophical Problems of the Inertial and External Worlds, Essays of the philosophy of Adolf Grünbaum*, 1993, University of Pittbsbutgh/ Universitätswerlag Konstanz

**Earman, John, Janssen, Michel, Norton, John** (ed), *The Attraction of Gravitation, New Studies in the History of General Relativity, Einstein Studies Vol 5*, 1993, Boston: Birkhäuser

**Earman, John and Janssen, Michel**, “Einstein’s Explanation of the Motion of Mercury’s Perihelion”, in Earman, Janssen, and Norton, John, 1993, pp. 129-172

**Goener, Hubert, Renn Jürgen, Ritter, Jim, Sauer, Tilman** (ed), *The Expanding Worlds of General Relativity*, 1999, Boston: Brikhäser

**Howard, Don**, “Point Coincidences and Pointer Coincidences: Einstein on Invariant Structure in Spacetime Theories”, in Goener et al, 1999, pp. 463-500

**Howard, Don and Norton, John**, “Out of the Labyrinth? Einstein, Hertz, and the Göttingen Answer to the Hole Argument”, in Earman, Janssen, Norton (ed), 1993, pp. 30-61

**Howard, Don and Stachel, John** (eds.), *Einstein and the History of General Relativity: Einstein Studies, Volume 1*, 1989, New York: Birkhauser

**Janssen, Michel**, “The Einstein-De Sitter Debate and its Aftermath”, lecture, pp. 1-8, based on “The Einstein-De Sitter-Weyl-Klein Debate” in *CPAE*, Vol. 8, 1998, pp. 351-357

**Janssen, Michel**, “Rotation as the Nemesis of Einstein’s *Entwurf *Theory”, in Goener, Renn, Ritter and Sauer (ed), 1999, pp. 127-157

**Janssen, Michel**, “The Einstein-Besso Manuscript: A Glimpse Behind the Certain of a Wizard”, Freshman Colloquium: “Introduction to the Arts and Sciences”, Fall 2002

**Janssen, Michel**, “Of Pots and Holes: Einstein’s Bumpy Road to General Relativity”, in Renn, 2005, pp-58-85; reprinted as “Einstein’s First Systematic Exposition of General Relativity”, pp, 1-39

**Janssen Michel and Renn, Jürgen**, “Untying the Knot: How Einstein Found His Way Back to Field Equations Discarded in the Zurich Notebook”, in Renn et all, Vol. 1, 2007, pp. 839-925

**Janssen, Michel**, “What did Einstein know and When did he Know It?” in Renn et all, Vol. 2, 2007, pp. 786-837

**Janssen, Michel**, “‘No Success Like Failure’: Einstein’s Quest for General Relativity”, *The Cambridge Companion to Einstein*, 2009

Alfred Eisenstaedt, Einstein Life Magazine

**Norton, John**, “How Einstein Found His Field Equations: 1912-1915”, *Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences* 14, 1984, pp. 253-315. Reprinted in Howard, Don and Stachel, John (eds.), 1989, pp 101-159

**Norton, John**, “General Covariance and the Foundations of General Relativity: Eight Decades of Dispute,” *Reports on Progress in Physics* 56, 1993, pp.791-858

**Norton, John**, “Einstein and Nordström: Some Lesser-Known Thought Experiments in Gravitation”, *Archive for History of Exact Sciences* 45, 1993, pp.17-94

**Norton, John**, “Nature in the Realization of the Simplest Conceivable Mathematical Ideas: Einstein and the Canon of Mathematical Simplicity”, *Studies in the History and Philosophy of Modern Physics* 31, 2000, pp.135-170

**Norton, John**, “Einstein, Nordström and the early Demise of Lorentz-covariant, Scalar Theories of Gravitation,” in Renn et all, Vol. 3, 2007, pp. 413-487

**Renn, Jürgen and Tilman Sauer**, “Heuristics and mathematical Representation in Einstein Search for a Gravitational Field Equation”, Preprint 62, *Max Planck Institute for the History of Science*, 1997

**Renn, Jürgen**, (ed.) *Einstein’s Annalen Papers. **The Complete Collection 1901-1922*, 2005, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co

**Renn, Jürgen**, “The Summit Almost Scaled: Max Abraham as a Pioneer of a Relativistic Theory of Gravitation”, in Renn et all, Vol.3, 2007, pp. 305-330

**Renn, Jürgen, Norton, John, Janssen, Michel and Stachel John**, ed., *The Genesis of General Relativity*. 4 Vols., 2007, New York, Berlin: Springer

**Renn, Jürgen and Stachel, John**, “Hilbert’s Foundation of Physics: From a Theory of Everything to a Constituent of General Relativity”, in Renn et all, Vol. 4, 2007, pp. 857-974

Time Magazine Photo

**Stachel, John**, “The Genesis of General Relativity”, *Physics *100, 1979, pp. 428-442; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 233-244

**Stachel, John**, “The Rigidity Rotating Disk as the ‘Missing Link’ in the History of General Relativity”, *General Relativity and Gravitation one Hundred Years After the Birth of Albert Einstein*, Vol. 1, 1980, pp. 1-15; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 245-260

**Stachel, John**, “‘Subtle is the Lord'”… The Science and Life of Albert Einstein” by Abraham Pais”, *Science* 218, 1982, pp. 989-990; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 551-554

**Stachel, John**, “Albert Einstein: The Man beyond the Myth”, *Bostonia Magazine* 56, 1982, pp. 8–17; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 3-12

**Stachel, John**, “Einstein and the ‘Research Passion'”, Talk given at the Annual Meeting of the American Associates for the Advancement of Science in Detroit, May 1983; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 87-94

**Stachel, John**, “The Generally Covariant Form of Maxwell’s Equations”, in J.C. Maxwell, the Sesquicentennial Symposium, M.S. Berger (ed), 1984, Elsevier: Amsterdam, pp. 23-37.

**Stachel, John**, “What a Physicist Can Learn From the Discovery of General Relativity”, *Proceedings of the Fourth Marcel Grossmann Meeting on General relativity*, ed. R. Ruffini, Elsevier: Amsterdam, 1986, pp.1857-1862

**Stachel, John**, “How Einstein Discovered General Relativity: A Historical Tale With Some Contemporary Morals”, in MacCallum, M.A.H., *General Relativity and Gravitation Proceedings of the 11*^{th} International Conference on General Relativity and Gravitation, 1987, pp. 200-209, reprinted in Satchel, 2002, pp. 293-300

**Stachel, John**, “Einstein’s Search for General Covariance 1912-1915”, in Howard, Don and Stachel John (eds), 1989, pp. 63-100; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 301-338

**Stachel, John**, “Albert Einstein (1897-1955), *The Blackwell Companion to Jewish Culture*, ed Glenda Abramson, Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 198-199; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 19-20

**Stachel, John**, “the Meaning of General Covariance. The Hole Story”, in Earman, John, Janis, Allen, et all, 1993, pp. 129-160.

**Stachel, John**, “The Other Einstein: Einstein Contra Field Theory”, *Science in Context* 6, 1993, pp. 275-290; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 141-154

**Stachel, John**, “Changes in the Concept of Space and Time Brought About by Relativity”, *Artifacts, Representations and Social Practice: Essays for Marx* *Wartofsky*, eds Carol Gould and Robert S. Cohen., Dordrecht/Boston/London: Kluwer Academic, pp. 141-162

**Stachel, John**, “History of relativity,” in Brown, Laurie M., Pais, Abraham, and Sir Pippard, Brian (eds.), *Twentieth century physics*, 1995, New York: American Institute of Physics Press, pp. 249-356

**Stachel, John**, “Albert Einstein: A Biography by Albert Fölsing”, Review of Albrecht Fölsing, *Albert Einstein: A Biography*, in *Physics Today*, January, 1998; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 555-556

**Stachel, John**, “New Light on the Einstein-Hilbert Priority Question”, *Journal of Astrophysics* 20, 1999, pp. 90-91; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 353-364

**Stachel, John**, “Einstein and Infeld: Seen through Their Correspondence”, *Acta Physica Polonica* B 30, 1999, pp. 2879–2904; reprinted in Stachel, 2002, pp. 477–497

**Stachel, John**, “The First-two Acts”, in Renn et all, 2007, Vol. 1, pp. 81-112; appeared first in Stachel, 2002, pp. 261-292

**Stachel, John**, *Einstein from ‘B’ to ‘Z’*, 2002, Washington D.C.: Birkhauser

**Stachel, John**, “Albert Einstein”, The 2005 Mastermind Lecture, *Proceedings of the British Academy* 151, 2007, pp.423-458

**Stachel, John**, “Where is Creativity? The example of Albert Einstein”, Invited Lecture at the Congresso International de Filosophia, Pessoa & Sociadade (Person and Society), Braga, 17-19 November 2005, to appear in 2012

**Stachel, John**, “Einstein and Hilbert”, invited lecture in March 21, 2005 Session: Einstein and Friends, American Physical Society, Los Angeles; and response to Questions from FAZ on Hilbert and Einstein

**Stachel, John**, “Einstein’s Intuition and the Post-Newtonian Approximation”, *World Scientific*, 2006, pp. 1-15

**Stachel, John**, “The Story of Newstein: Or is Gravity Just Another Pretty Force?”, in Renn, et all, Vol. 4, 2007, pp. 1041-1078

**Stachel, John**, “A world Without Time: the Forgotten Legacy of Gödel and Einstein”, *Notices of the American Mathematical Society* 54, 2007, pp. 861-868/1-8

**Stachel, John***, “Albert Einstein”, **The New Dictionary of Scientific Biography*, Vol. 2, Gale 2008, pp. 363-373

**Stachel, John**, “The Hole Argument”, *Living Reviews in Relativity*, June 25, 2010, to appear in 2012

**Stachel, John**, “The Rise and Fall of Einstein’s Hole Argument”, pp. 1-15 to appear in 2012

**Stachel, John**, “The Scientific Side of the Einstein-Besso Relationship”, to appear in 2012

**Torretti, Roberto**, *Relativity and Geometry*, 1983/1996, Ney-York: Dover

Prime Minister of Israel Ben Gurion visits Albert Einstein in Princeton. Here